Toward an oral history of Cape Ann : Wayrynen, Leena

  • Toward an oral history of Cape Ann : Wayrynen, Leena
  • Wayrynen, Leena, Interviewee
  • Brayton, Linda, Interviewer
  • 2 sound files, digital, MPEG3 file
  • The following names and terms were used in this interview: Riihimaki, Hyvinkaa, Kinkku, Roots by Alex Haley, Helsinki, Putnam, Conn., Sisu, Goteborg, Sweden.
  • Linda Brayton and David Masters, principal oral historians; Interviewer: Brayton, Linda (4/24/1978).
  • TRACKS: 1. Mrs. Wayrynen's background, decision to come to the U.S.A., initial employment, learning English, meeting people in the U.S.A. -- 2. Reactions to the U.S.A. (e.g. Americans emphasize history) -- 3. Separation from family, visits to Finland -- 4. Women in Finland, woman's rights -- 5. Church, lifestyles in Finland, music and theatre6 - Finnish people on Cape Ann today, reasons why many Finnish buildings are modern, city life7 - Raising a family in Rockport and in the U.S.A., attempt to teach Finnish to children, traditions -- 8. Traditions (contd.), cultural heritage -- 9. Finnish history includes reactions to the mass exodus at the turn of the century, reasons for emigrating -- 10. Sisu, geography and climate of Finland affects character -- 11. The trip over on the Queen Elizabeth, contrast to experiences of earlier immigrants.
  • Originally issued on sound cassettes and transferred to compact discs.
  • 04-24-1978
  • [Gloucester, Mass] : Sawyer Free Library


Wayrynen, Leena, Interviewee and Brayton, Linda, Interviewer, “Toward an oral history of Cape Ann : Wayrynen, Leena,” NOBLE Digital Heritage, accessed February 22, 2019,

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